Defendants Waiting for the Afternoon Session to Start, IMT, Nuremberg Germany, 1945-1946

The defendants wait for the afternoon session to start: (from left to right), Rudolf Hess (standing), Alfred Jodl (standing behind Hess), Alfred Rosenberg (standing next to Hess), Hans Frank (seated), Franz von Papen (seated behind Frank), and Wilhelm Frick (standing facing away from court).

Nuremberg with River and Ruins, 1945-1946

Nuremberg was severely damaged in Allied strategic bombing from 1943-45. On January 2, 1945, Nuremberg was systematically bombed by the Royal Air Force and the U.S. Army Air Forces and about ninety percent of it was destroyed in only one hour, with 1,800 residents killed and roughly 100,000 displaced. In February 1945, additional attacks followed. In total, about 6,000 Nuremberg residents are estimated to have been killed in air raids

“Will Fight the Tax Appeal”

Advance picture of the start of the Andrew Mellon Hearing, February 18th, 1935

Robert H. Jackson and Wendell L. Willkie before the America’s Town Meeting of the Air Debate, January 1938

Broadcast weekly from 1935 to 1956, America's Town Meeting of the Air was one of the most important public service projects of NBC. It attracted up to 3,000,000 listeners weekly, more than 1,000 discussion clubs were formed to listen to the broadcasts and to debate the issues raised, and transcripts of each program were widely distributed at modest cost to the radio audience, teachers and schools. Robert H. Jackson and Wendell L. Willkie appeared on America's Town Meeting of the Air on January 6, 1938.

Hjalmar Schacht is released from the court, IMT, Nuremberg Germany, 1945-1946

Hjalmar Schacht is released from the court at the end of the trial. Schacht (sitting in center) was a German economist, banker, liberal politician, and co-founder of the German Democratic Party. He became a supporter of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, and served in Hitler's government as President of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics. Schacht was forced out of the government by disagreements with Hitler and other prominent Nazis by 1936, and had no role during World War II. He became a fringe member of the German Resistance to Hitler and was imprisoned by the Nazis at Dachau

A Ruined Nuremberg, 1945-1946

"A Ruined Nuremberg" Nuremberg was severely damaged in Allied strategic bombing from 1943-45. On January 2, 1945, Nuremberg was systematically bombed by the Royal Air Force and the U.S. Army Air Forces and about ninety percent of it was destroyed in only one hour, with 1,800 residents killed and roughly 100,000 displaced. In February 1945, additional attacks followed. In total, about 6,000 Nuremberg residents are estimated to have been killed in air raids

Assistant Attorney General, 1936

  Photo of Robert H. Jackson when he as Assistant Attorney General of the United States.

Robert H. Jackson, Assistant Attorney General, January 8, 1938

Robert H. Jackson, Assistant Attorney General, attends luncheon in NYC given by Post-Master General James A. Farley.

Hjalmar Schacht on the Stand, IMT, Nuremberg Germany, 1945-1946

Defendant Hjalmar Schacht on stand at Nuremberg during the IMT, May 1946. Schacht holds a photograph and is wearing the IBM translation headphones.

Nuremberg in Ruins, Along the Pegnitz River

"Nuremberg in ruins, along the Pegnitz River" Nuremberg was severely damaged in Allied strategic bombing from 1943-45. On January 2, 1945, was systematically bombed by the Royal Air Force and the U.S. Army Air Forces and about ninety percent of it was destroyed in only one hour, with 1,800 residents killed and roughly 100,000 displaced. In February 1945, additional attacks followed. In total, about 6,000 Nuremberg residents are estimated to have been killed in air raids