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Third Annual James Otis Lecture – The Evolution of First Amendment Free Speech in the Classroom: From John Jay to Abe Fortas

The 3rd Annual James Otis Lecture was held at the Robert H. Jackson Federal Courthouse in celebration of Constitution Day. The Buffalo Chapter of the American Board of Trial Advocates (ABOTA) sponsored the Lecture held in the courtroom of Judge William Skretney of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of New York. Buffalo area high school students heard guest speakers Mary Beth Tinker and Professor Matthew Steilen examine the balance between free speech protections under the First Amendment and the responsibility of educators and students to tolerate certain speech within educational environments.


Nuremberg : Photos by Raymond D’Addario

Raymond D'Addario was one of a few photographers assigned by the Army Pictorial Service to document the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany. In November, 1945, 21 senior Nazi officials took their seats in Courtroom 600 in the Palace of Justice. Ray’s photograph of the main defendants sitting in the docket surrounded by U.S. military guards has become the iconic symbol of the trial.