Concurring opinion, Youngstown v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579 (June 2, 1952)

Background: From 1950 until 1953 the United States was involved in the Korean War. In order to keep inflation down President Truman did not impose price controls, instead he created a board who monitored price inflation, workers’ w...

Opinion of the Court, West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, 319 U.S. 624 (June 14, 1943)

Background: In January of 1942, the West Virginia Board of Education passed a resolution that made a daily flag salute a requirement in all public schools for both teachers and students. Refusal to participate in the flag salute by t...

Concurring opinion, Railway Express Agency, Inc. v. New York, 336 U.S. 106 (Jan. 31, 1949)

Background: New York City passed a traffic ordinance that prohibited the display of commercial advertising on vehicles using public streets. An exemption in the ordinance was made for ads that were on vehicles that related to the bus...

Dissenting opinion, Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (Dec. 18, 1944)

Background: Fred Korematsu was born in Oakland, California in 1919 to Japanese immigrants. In 1942, President Roosevelt issued Executive Order No. 9066, following the attack on Pearl Harbor.  This combined with other congressional s...

Opinion of the Court, Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111 (Nov. 9, 1942)

Background: Roscoe Filburn owned a local farm outside of Dayton, Ohio on which he grew wheat. In the fall of 1940, he planted 23 acres of wheat for use within his own home.  Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 Roscoe was o...