These concise words have been a source of almost continuous litigation and vexation for the Supreme Court. The clause has been the focus of many of the most important conflicts between federal power and states’ rights. It forms the warp into which theoreticians have woven strange designs of laissez faire and patterns to separate acts of commerce from antecedents such as production or mining and from subsequent acts such as distribution.
207 Annals 70 (1940).
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