On July 12, 1946, Dr. Hermann Marx, Counsel for Julius Streicher presented the closing argument on behalf of his client. In German, Dr. Marx’s principal argument was a question of causation. Marx readily admitted that Streicher had preached hatred of the Jews and that his propaganda made the Jews “a scapegoat for Germany’s loss of World War I and her suffering thereafter . The question was whether Streicher actually “educated the German people to a degree of anti-Semitism” which made the Holocaust possible.

Produced by US Army Signal Corps 1945-1956, housed in National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Digitized and provided by The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum; Steven Spielberg Film and Video Archive.