The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg (November 1945-October 1946)

Robert H. Jackson at Nuremberg

The International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg prosecuted the leading Nazi war criminals following WWII.

The Nuremberg trial grew out of the Allied Powers’ military victory over Nazi Germany. In spring 1945, Nazi Germany surrendered unconditionally to the Allies—the German government ceased to exist. The Allies militarily occupied what had been Germany, imprisoned many Nazis as their prisoners, and began to prepare to try Nazi leaders as war criminals. In Summer 1945, the Allies created the International Military Tribunal (IMT), the world’s first international criminal court, to adjudicate these cases.

Beginning in Fall 1945, the Allies prosecuted before the IMT twenty-two Nazi leaders and six Nazi organizations. They were charged with four crimes:
(1) common plan or agreement;
(2) waging aggressive war;
(3) committing war crimes; and
(4) committing crimes against humanity.

The trial was held in Nuremberg, a city located in what had been southeastern Germany and then was located in the U.S. military occupation zone. By appointment of President Truman, U.S, Supreme Court associate justice Robert H. Jackson served as U.S. Chief of Counsel – the U.S. chief prosecutor – at Nuremberg.

The Robert H. Jackson Center is making available and organizing as resources both audio and video recordings of the Nuremberg trial proceedings. This guide, featuring links to those recordings, is organized in chronological order.

Last updated: August 2, 2021Collection is complete.

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Opening of the Trial

The Prosecution Cases

1. The United States of America (U.S.)

3. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R)

4. The French Republic

The Individual Defendants' Cases

1. Hermann Goering

Re-Direct, Dr. Otto Stahmer (subtitles and auto translate available)

M. Auguste Champetier de Ribes, French Chief Prosecutor’s Statement (subititles and auto translate available)

2. Rudolph Hess

3. Joachim Von Ribbentrop

4. Wilhelm Keitel

6. Alfred Rosenberg

7. Hans Frank

8. Wilhelm Frick

9. Julius Streicher

10. Hjalmar Schact

11. Walter Funk

12. Karl Doenitz

13. Erich Raeder

14. Baldur von Schirach

15. Fritz Sauckel

16. Alfred Jodl

17. Arthur Seyss-Inquart

18. Franz Von Papen

19. Albert Speer

20. Constantin von Neurath

21. Hans Fritzsche

22. Martin Bormann (in abstentia)

The Defendant Organizations' Cases

1. The Reich Cabinet

2. The Leadership Corps of the Nazi Party

2. The SS & the SD

3. The General Staff and the High Command of the German Armed Forces

4. The SA

5. The Gestapo

The Judgments