2011 Law Dialogs
The Extraordinary Chambers for the Courts of Cambodia
Andrew T. Cayley- Mr. Cayley earned his L.L.B and L.L.M. from University College London. He worked in private practice following his graduation, before completing an Officer’s Course and working as a Legal officer for the British Army. He then worked in the Office of the Prosecutor in the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia as Prosecuting Counsel and then Senior Prosecuting Counsel. He also worked as Senior Prosecuting Counsel at the International Criminal Court. Mr. Cayley worked as a defense attorney before the Special Court for Sierra Leone and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. In 2009 Mr. Cayley was appointed co-prosecutor for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia.
Robert Petit- Mr. Petit was a co-prosecutor for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia until September 2009. He worked with Cambodian Chea Leang from 2006 through 2009 prosecuting violators of international criminal law in Cambodia, specifically Khmer Rouge leaders for their actions between 1975 and 1979. Petit also served as a Crown Prosecutor in Montreal for eight years, and as a lawyer in the office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Between 1999 and 2004, Mr. Petit was a legal advisor for the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, a prosecutor for the Serious Crimes Unit of the United Nations Mission of Support to East Timor, and a prosecutor for Special Court for Sierra Leone.
The International Criminal Court
Fatou Bensouda- Ms. Bensouda holds a masters degree in International Maritime Law and Law of the Sea and is the first international maritime law expert of The Gambia. She was elected deputy Prosecutor in September 2004 by the Assembly of States Parties and is in charge of the Prosecution Division of the Office of the Prosecutor. Before working in the Office of the Prosecutor Ms. Bensouda was a Legal Adviser and Trial Attorney at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in Arusha Tanzania. She was also the Senior Legal Advisor and the Head of the Legal Advisory Unit for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
Prior to joining the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda Ms. Bensouda worked for a commercial bank in the Gambia. She also served as the Senior State Counsel, Principal State Counsel, Deputy Director of Public Prosecutions, Solicitor General and Legal Secretary of the Republic. Additionally, Ms. Bensouda was the Chief Legal Advisor to the President and Cabinet of The Republic of The Gambia.
Ms. Bensouda was involved in negotiations for the treaty of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the West African Parliament and the ECOWAS Tribunal. She has been a delegate at United Nations’ conferences on crime prevention and he Organization of African Unity’s Ministerial Meetings on Human Rights. She has also been a delegate of the Gambia to meetings of the Preparatory Commission for the International Criminal Courts.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
James J. Arguin- Mr. James Arguin is Chief of the Appeals and Legal Advisory Division within the Office of the Prosecutor at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). Prior to joining the ICTR in November 2010, Mr. Arguin served as a prosecutor with the United States Department of Justice and Massachusetts Attorney General’s Office, where he was appointed Chief of the Appeals Division. Following graduation from George Washington University Law School, Mr. Arguin clerked for a United States District Court judge. He then joined the Boston office of the international law firm now known as K&L Gates LLP where he worked as an associate, income partner, equity partner, and, eventually, Chair of the Litigation Department. As a member of the adjunct faculty at New England Law│Boston, Mr. Arguin also taught courses on legal research and writing, and appellate advocacy.
The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
Serge Brammertz-Mr. Serge Brammertz is the prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. He is from Eupen Belgium. Mr. Brammertz holds a law degree from University of Louvain-la-Neuve, a degree in criminology from the University of Liege and a PhD in international law from the Albert Ludwig University in Freiburg, Germany. Prior to his appointment as chief prosecutor, Mr. Brammertz he was the Federal Prosecutor for the kingdom of Belgium, and a prosecutor for the local court in Eupen Belgium. Mr. Brammertz has provided expert advice to the council of Europe to help “[set] up a mechanism for evaluating and applying nationally international undertakings concerning the fight against organized crime”. Additionally Mr. Brammertz has served on the European Commissions’ Justice and Internal Affairs committee and as an adviser for the International Organization for Migration, leading studies on cases of cross-border corruption and human trafficking in Central Europe and the Balkans. Mr. Brammertz has also been extensively published in the areas of global terrorism and organized crime and corruption.
The Special Court for Sierra Leone
David M. Crane- David Crane is a professor of practice at Syracuse University College of Law, where he also earned his Juris Doctor degree. There he teaches International Criminal Law, International Law, and National Security as well as the Laws of Armed Conflict. In 2002 he was appointed Chief Prosecutor of the Special Court for Sierra Leone by then Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan. Through 2005 Professor Crane prosecuted those who bore the greatest responsibility for crimes against humanity, war crimes, and other serious violations of international human rights committed during the civil war in Sierra Leone during the 1990’s as Chief Prosecutor. He was the first American Chief Prosecutor at an international war crimes tribunal since Justice Robert H. Jackson at Nuremberg in 1945.
During his decades of service for the United States government Crane has held the positions of Director of the Office of Intelligence Review, assistant general counsel of the Defense Intelligence Agency, and the Waldemar A. Solf Professor of International Law at the United States Army Judge Advocate Generals School.
Professor Crane also advises the Syracuse University College of Law online publication, Impunity Watch which seeks to inform the world of human rights violations in real-time, as well as publish like a traditional law review.
James C. Johnson- Mr. Johnson is the Chief of Prosecutions for the Special Court for Sierra Leone. The Special Court, an International War Crimes Tribunal set up in 2002 jointly by the United Nations and the Government of Sierra Leone, is responsible for prosecuting persons who bear the greatest responsibility for violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Sierra Leone. As such, he supervised four trial teams, prosecuting ten accused, and is currently directing ongoing investigations and supervising closure issues for the Prosecutions and Investigations Sections of the Office of the Prosecutor. Before assuming duties as Chief of Prosecutions, Mr. Johnson was a Senior Trial Attorney with the Special Court and was responsible for trying the former leaders of the Civil Defence Forces, the pro-government militia that fought in the decade-long conflict within Sierra Leone.
Before joining the Special Court in January 2003, Mr. Johnson served for 20 years in the United States Army. Among his tours of duty in the military he served as the Legal Advisor, George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Garmisch-Partinkirchen, Germany and as an Assistant Professor of International and Operational Law, United States Army Judge Advocate General’s School, Charlottesville, Virginia. He also served as a prosecutor and international/operational law advisor to both conventional and special operations units.
His academic degrees include a BS (Business Administration) from the University of Nebraska, a JD from the University of Nebraska and an LL.M. from The Judge Advocate General’s School.
Ambassador Stephen Rapp- Mr. Rapp started as Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues in September of 2009. Before this appointment Mr. Rapp was a prosecutor for the Special Court for Sierra Leone, leading prosecutions for former Liberian President Charles Taylor and others. During his time on the court the first convictions for sexual slavery and forced marriage as crimes against humanity were achieved. Prior to working for the Special Court for Sierra Leone, Mr. Rapp worked for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda as both Senior Trial Attorney and Chief of Prosecutions. His work helped to achieve the first conviction of leaders of mass media for their efforts that incited genocide. Mr. Rapp also worked as a United States Attorney in the Northern District of Iowa, worked in private practice, and was a member of the Iowa State Legislature. Mr. Rapp received his B.A. from Harvard, and received his J.D. from Drake University.
Special Tribunal for Lebanon
Daryl Mundis- Mr. Daryl A. Mundis is the Chief of Prosecutions at the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Prior to joining the STL, he was a Senior Prosecuting Trial Attorney with the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague. He was the lead counsel in a number of cases, including the cases against
Vojislav Šešelj, a senior Serbian politician for crimes committed in
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia; Rasim Delić, the former
Commander of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina,
who was charged with command responsibility for crimes committed by
the El Mujahedin Detachment; and the Prlić et al case, which involves
crimes committed by the Bosnian Croat political and military leadership.
He was the lead trial attorney on the Hadžihasanović and Kubura case,
which concerned crimes committed by units of the 3rd Corps of the Army
of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Mujahedin in Central Bosnia in 1993. Previously, he was a trial attorney on the Galić (Siege of Sarajevo) Foca, and Keraterm, cases; he also worked on the pre-trial phase of the Krnojelac and Nikolić cases and was the international humanitarian law adviser on the Kosovo component of the Milošević case. Prior to joining the OTP in November 1999, he was an Associate Legal Officer in the Chambers of ICTY President Gabrielle Kirk McDonald, where he worked extensively on matters involving the Security Council and State compliance issues, in addition to providing legal advice on matters of international humanitarian law.
Before joining the ICTY, he served in the U.S. Navy Judge Advocate’s General (JAG) Corps in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and London, serving in a number of billets, including prosecutor, defence counsel and legal adviser.
Mundis holds a Ph.D. in international law (dissertation topic: law of naval exclusion zones) from the London School of Economics (LSE), University of London; LL.M. with merit (LSE); J.D. with honors in foreign and comparative law (Columbia Law School); Masters in International Affairs with a concentration in international security studies (Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs); and B.A. magna cum laude in International Studies and Russian Area Studies (Manhattanville College).
He co-edited Essays on ICTY Procedure and Evidence In Honour of Gabrielle Kirk McDonald, and has published extensively on issues concerning international law and international courts and tribunals, including “The Use of Military Commissions to Prosecute Individuals Accused of Terrorist Acts,” “New Mechanisms for the Enforcement of International Humanitarian Law,” and “Improving the Operation and Functioning of the International Criminal Tribunals,” in the American Journal of International Law; “The Legal Character and Status of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence of the ad hoc International Criminal Tribunals,” International Criminal Law Review; “The Creation of New Ad Hoc International Criminal Tribunals and Other International Efforts to Prosecute Violations of International Humanitarian Law,” Leiden Journal of International Law. He formerly served as the Corresponding Editor (ICC/ICTY/ICTR) for International Legal Materials; as a member of the editorial committee of the Journal of International Criminal Justice (for which he wrote a regular article on current developments at the ICTY and ICTR); and was the Senior Editor of the ICTY section of the Leiden Journal of International Law.
United States Military Tribunal, Nuremberg
H.W. William Caming- Mr. Caming prosecuted members of the German Foreign Office and other governmental ministers of the Nazi Regime. Afterwards he worked nationally as senior counsel for the American Telephone and Telegraph Company for privacy issues. Since his retirement from AT&T in 1984 he advised the American Bar Association on Privacy matters.